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Maryland TOD

TOD Overview

TOD is a tool that can advance investment and reinvestment in Maryland.  TOD projects leverage public sector infrastructure investment to attract private sector investment to revitalize communities, create jobs and save household transportation costs.

Maryland has great TOD potential, with more than 75 existing rail, light rail, and subway stations, and dozens more proposed in the next 20 years. However, TODs are more difficult to develop than projects on greenfields and open space; TODs frequently have higher upfront infrastructure costs, require the use of publicly-owned land and involve more complex community issues.

While TOD can – and has – happened without significant State support, Maryland assists in supporting TOD in a variety of ways.

TOD Programs

  • Pre-Development Planning and Technical Assistance:  MDOT provides assistance to local jurisdictions to develop land use and economic development strategies at existing and planned station areas.  Coordinating with local jurisdictions and stakeholders, the Department has conducted, for example, a broad range of  feasibility studies, market analyses, and small area land use plans.  
  • Property and Infrastructure Resources:  The Department has an active program of TOD development related to the disposition of public land.  In addition, we continually evaluate and invest in infrastructure investments for private sector development adjacent to our transit stations.  
  • Coordination with state, local and private sector partners:  MDOT coordinates with prospective partners to help navigate the complex development process, and to help identify needed improvements and recommend tools for supporting them.  Staff are actively involved in bringing outside resources to bear (e.g. from other state and federal agencies) where appropriate to achieve desirable design outcomes.
  • TOD Designation:  Official designation of a TOD was enabled under statute in 2008.  The intent of designation is to facilitate MDOT’s more direct involvement in the above activities, by clarifying that in specific project areas (which must be within a half mile of a transit station), TOD is to be considered as a transportation purpose.  By statute, TODs are to be automatically included in the interagency Sustainable Community designation, which implies eligibility/prioritization for several state discretionary programs and expanded scope for local use of Tax Increment Finance (TIF) for related projects.
  • MDOT also implements a Joint Development program – utilizing State-owned real estate assets to achieve TOD.