Electric Vehicles 

Maryland continues to experience significant growth in EV ownership. This growth is supported by lower vehicle costs, state and federal incentives, the rise in the availability of makes and models, as well as the increasing availability of charging infrastructure across the State.

There are currently two main types of EVs available for purchase: battery electric vehicles (BEVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). BEVs are fully electric and have rechargeable batteries that can be charged at home or at publicly available charging stations. PHEVs use a combination of a battery and gasoline-powered internal combustion engine.

Illustration comparing Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles versus Battery Electric Vehicles

EV Market Data

The Motor Vehicle Administration (MDOT MVA) tracks the total number, make, model, and model year (MY) of all EVs registered in Maryland. Current EV Registration data can be found here. Since MDOT began tracking the data, the number of registered BEVs have been growing steadily and overtook PHEVs for the largest market share in December 2018. Maryland also continues to see a growth in the diversity in the makes and models registered, with more than 100 BEV and PHEV models registered in the State.


EV Charging Networks

Maryland has a robust network of publicly available Level 2 and DC Fast charging stations to support the growing number of EVs on the road. Level 2 charging ports make up approximately 82% of all charging ports in Maryland and are ideal for locations where there would be longer dwell times, such as workplaces or at homes. DC Fast charging ports make up approximately 18% of all charging ports in Maryland and are ideal for locations where there is a shorter dwell time, such as grocery stores. Private investment as well as funding made available under the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act (IIJA) will continue to support and accelerate Maryland's EV charging network.

Level One Charger

Level One
120V
Electrical source from a regular home outlet.

Charge Time 2-5 miles of range per 1 hour of charging.

Level Two Charger

Level Two
220V
Electrical source from a regular home dryer outlet, home hardwire, or public station.

Charge Time
10-20 miles of range per 1 hour of charging.

DC Fast Charger

DC Fast Charge
208 or 480V 3-Phase AC
Electrical source from a public station.

Charge Time
60-80 miles of range per 20 minutes of charging.


Resources

Maryland's NEVI Plan will guide the installation of EV charging infrastructure and serve as the foundation for the Maryland Zero Emission Vehicle Infrastructure Plan (ZEVIP).

Charged with supporting the development and adoption of zero emission vehicles (ZEVs) in Maryland.

Interactive storymap showing EV Charging Station locations within Maryland, current EV registrations and growth data, registration density by zip codes, Maryland's designated AFCs, and outreach activities conducted by MDOT.

Designated roadways within Maryland that support a national network of alternative fuels, including EV charging, liquified petroleum gas (LPG), compressed natural gas (CNG), liquid natural gas (LNG), and hydrogen.

Educational and outreach resources on EVs and hydrogen as well as incentives and local EV programs available in Maryland.

A local organization of EV owners, enthusiasts, and educators that promote the benefit of EVs.

Provides an overview for those new to EVs on the types of EVs, EV models and body styles available, EV charging stations, EV range, and cost savings.